ALCIMUS


ALCIMUS
ALCIMUS (Hellenized form of the Hebrew name Jakim or Eliakim), high priest 162–160 (or 159) B.C.E. Alcimus was a member of a high-priestly family and was the nephew of yose b. joezer of Zeredah. When Demetrius I Soter ascended the Seleucid throne, Alcimus came to him to complain of the persecution of the Hellenists by Judah Maccabee and his followers, and he suggested that the king appoint him high priest, promising to be faithful to the Seleucids and to oppose Judah and his faction. Demetrius appointed him and sent him back to Judea, accompanied by Syrian troops under the command of Bacchides. At first, the hassideans supported him because he was of high-priestly stock, while Judah's faction opposed him because he had arrived with foreign troops. Alcimus had barely secured his position in Judea, when he arrested 60 Hassideans and put them to death. This act aroused popular indignation, and when Bacchides and his soldiers left Judea, Alcimus was driven from Jerusalem by Judah and his supporters. He returned to Demetrius, and once more asked for military support. The king sent a new army against Judah Maccabee, this time under the command of nicanor . Judah defeated Nicanor in battle twice, Nicanor being killed in the second battle. Demetrius again sent Bacchides against Judah, and this time the Jewish leader was defeated and killed. Alcimus returned to Judea and ruled with Syrian help. He broke into the soreg (one of the approaches to the Temple) in order to remove the wall which non-Jews were forbidden to pass. The soreg was breached in 13 places, and the Hassideans were infuriated. Alcimus' sudden death was interpreted by the people as an act of divine retribution. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: I Macc. 7:5–25; 9:1–2, 54–57; Jos., Ant., 12:385–6, 391–7, 413; 20:235; Middot, 2:3; Gen R. 55:22; Klausner, Bayit Sheni, index, S.V. Yakim; Graetz, Hist, 1 (1949), 482–508; Schuerer, Hist, 39 ff., 44 ff. (Abraham Schalit)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Alcimus — (from Greek Alkimos (polytonic|Ἄλκιμος), valiant or Hebrew Elyaqum , God will rise ), also called Jacimus, or Joachim (polytonic|Ἰάκειμος), was a High Priest of Israel for three years, 162 BC 159 BC, who espoused the Syrian cause. [The record of… …   Wikipedia

  • Alcimus — • High priest, the leader of the hellenizing party in the time of Judas Machabeus Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Alcimus     Alcimus      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Alcĭmus — Alcĭmus, 1) so v.w. Alkimos; 2) Ecdicius Avitus A., Verwandter des Kaisers Avitus, seit 490 Erzbischof von Vienne, trug zur Bekehrung des Frankenkönigs Chlodowig bei, hielt die Concilien zu Epaum u. Paris 525 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • ALCIMUS — I. ALCIMUS Iudaeus transfuga, et proditor, a Demetrio, seu Lysia summus Iudaeorum Pontifex constitutus, quamvis de sacerdotum genere non erat. 1 Machab. c. 7. v. 9. et 2 Machab. c. 14. v. 3. Vide Ioseph. Iud. Antiq. l. 12. c. 17. Salian. Torniel …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Alcimus — (fl. 2nd cent BCE)    Judean high priest. He served as high priest during the Maccabean revolt (162 159 BCE). Appointed by the Syrian king Demetrius I to succeed Menelaus after the victories of Judah Maccabee, he favoured Hellenism …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Alcimus (disambiguation) — Alcimus can refer to a number of people from classical history:*Alcimus (rhetorician), a Greek rhetorician of the 3rd century BC *Alcimus, a high priest in Jerusalem in the 2nd century BC *Alcimus Alethius, a 4th century Latin poet *Avitus of… …   Wikipedia

  • Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus — (* um 460; † 5. Februar 518 in Vienne) war ein spätantiker Bischof. Er war mit Sidonius Apollinaris († 479) verwandt und dadurch auch ein Verwandter des weströmischen Kaisers Avitus († 457). Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus entstammte einer angesehenen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ALCIMUS Avitus — Archiepiscopus Viennensis, circa A. C. 500. Refutationes Arianorum, Nestorianorum, Eutychetis et Pelagii; item Epistolar. libros 9. Homilias, et poemata scripsit, ex quibus sex libelli, praecipuas Geneseos et Exodi historias explicantes,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Alcimus Alethius — For other uses, see Alcimus (disambiguation). Alcimus (Avitus) Alethius was the writer of seven short poems in the Latin Anthology.cite encyclopedia | last = Smith | first = William | authorlink = William Smith (lexicographer) | title = Alcimus… …   Wikipedia

  • Alcimus (rhetorician) — For other uses, see Alcimus (disambiguation). Alcimus (Gr. polytonic|Ἄλκιμος) was a Greek rhetorician who flourished around 300 BC.cite encyclopedia | last = Schmitz | first = Leonhard | authorlink = | title = Alcimus (2) | editor = William Smith …   Wikipedia


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